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Introduction to Shab e Qadar

During the holy month of Ramadan, Shab e Qadar, also called Laylat al-Qadr, is one of the most significant nights for Muslims. It is thought to be the night that the angel Gabriel conveyed the very first verses of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad.

The verses that clarify this night’s events according to Allah: 

That night, the angels and the holy Spirit descend for every \decreed\ matter, with permission from their Lord.” Up until the crack of morning, all is peaceful [97: 4-5]. 

Shab e Qadar is said to be superior to a thousand months of prayer. However, the exact date is unknown due to different hadiths. It occurred on an odd-numbered night during the final ten days of Ramadan, which is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims have considered the final ten nights of Ramadan to be particularly fortunate ever since. 

According to Muslims, the Night of Qadr occurs annually and brings with it many spiritual favours and goodness. Muslims believe that repentance is pardoned, prayers are heard, and the yearly plan is disclosed to the angels, who execute it in God’s favour.

Read More: When Does Shab e Qadar Fall?

When is Shab e Qadar 2024?

Many people believe that Laylatul Qadar, or the Night of Power, takes place on the evening of April 6, 2024, which is the 27th day of Ramadan. However, Hadith scholars advise concentrating on the final 10 nights of Ramadan. Specifically the odd nights, since the following Hadith suggests that it most likely happened on one of these nights:

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) gave the following advice: “Seek for it during the odd-numbered nights of the final 10 nights of Ramadan.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

We shall never be able to pinpoint Laylatul Qadar’s exact date. But Allah knows best; therefore, it’s probably one of the odd-numbered nights (21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th, or 29th) of the final 10 nights of Ramadan.

Excellence of Shab-e-Qadar

 

It is the night of excellence, Laylatul Qadar. The word “Layla” represents night in Arabic. The word “Shabb” is used in Persian. Moreover, “Qadar” means noble. For the Holy Prophet (PBUH), Allah Almighty, granted upon his umma an extraordinary night on which the reward for prayers is superior to the acts of a thousand months.

According to Mawta ibn Imam Malik, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) assessed how the people of his umma would achieve deeds equivalent to those of the previous umma when he heard about the past umma’s long life spans and compared them to his own umma’s shorter life spans.

Laylatul Qadar, also known as Shab e Qadar, is more excellent than a thousand months. It was awarded to the Holy Prophet by Allah Almighty to compensate for the shortened lifespan of this umma.

As the Beloved Prophet (PBUH) has declared: All those who do the acts of worship on Shab-e-Qadr with honesty and Iman [faith] will have their sins of the past forgiven. (Hadees 1901, Sahih Bukhari, vol. 1, p. 626)

Nawafil of Shab e Qadar 

Faqeeh Abul Lays رَحْمَةُ اللهِ تَعَالٰی عَلَيْه has stated: At minimum, the number of 2 Rakats of Shab-e-Qadr; at maximum, there are 1000 Rakats. The standard amount of Rakats is 100, while common recitations for each Rakat is that, after Surah Al-Fatihah, recite Surah Al-Qadr once and Surah Al-Ikhlas three times. After finishing every two Rakats with Salam, recite Salat upon the Beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم. (Page 483 of Ruh-ul-Bayan, volume 10)

First Shab E Qadar Night: The 21st Night 

With 4 Rakats (each with 2 Salams) 

  • In response to Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlas and Surah Qadr once.
  • Recite Astagfar 70 times after Salam.

Rewards: In light of Shab E Qadar’s Barakat, the individual will have all of their sins pardoned. Insha Allah.

Second night of Shab E Qadar: The 23rd night

4 Rakat (Along with two slams)

  • For each Rakat following Surah Fatiha, Recite Surah Ikhlas thrice and Surah Qadr once.

Rewards: In light of Shab E Qadar’s Barakat, the individual will have all of their sins pardoned.

8 Rakat:

  • In each rakat after Surah Fatiha with four salams, Recite Surah Ikhlas one time and Surah Qadr one time.
  • Read Kalma e Tamjeed seventy times after Salam. Ask Allah to grant you forgiveness.

Rewards: An individual will have all of their sins pardoned. 

Third Shab E Qadar Night: The 25th Night

4 Rakat (with 2 Salams)

  • In each Rakat after Surah Fatiha, Read Surah Ikhlas five times and Surah Qadr one time.
  • Read Kalma e Tayiba 100 times after saying salam. Ask Allah to grant you forgiveness.

Rewards: Allah Ta’ala will grant the benefits of endless prayers in remembrance of Shab E Qadar’s Barakat. 

4 Rakat (Along with two salams): 

  • After Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Qadr three times and Surah Ikhlas three times in each Rakat.
  • Recite Astaghfar 70 times after the Salam.

Rewards: The person will have all of their sins pardoned. Insha’Allah.

2 rakats

  • In each rakat following Surah Fatiha. Read Surah Ikhlas fifteen times and Surah Qadr one time.
  • Recite Kalma E Shahadat seventy times after the Salam.

Reward: This Namaz keeps the person away from the grave’s azab. Insha Allah

 The Fourth Shab E Qadar Night: The 27th Night

12 Rakat (includes 3 Salams)

  • For each Rakat following Surah Fatiha, Recite Surah Ikhlas fifteen times and Surah Qadr once.
  • Recite Astagfar 70 times after Salam.

Reward: The swab of praising the prayers of prophets will be given to the individual who prays this namaz. Insha’Allah

2 Rakat

  • For each Rakat following Surah Fatiha, Recite Surah Ikhlas 27 times and Surah Qadr 3 times.

Reward: Allah will pardon all of his prior misdeeds. Insha Allah

4 Rakats (each with two salams) 

  • Following Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlas three times and Surah Takasur one time.

Rewards: Allah will ease his suffering upon his death and pardon the tormented in the Qabr (Grave). Insha’Allah

2 Rakats

  • In each rakat following Surah Fatiha, Go through Surah Ikhlas seven times. After Salam, please recite the dua below.

           Astagfirulla hil azi mullazi la illaha illal la hu wal hayul khayum wa atubuilai

The Fifth Night of Shab E Qadar: The 29th Night

4 Rakat (with 2 Salams) 

  • In each Rakat following Surah Fatiha, Recite Surah Ikhlas three times and Surah Qadr one time.
  • Read Surah Alam Nashrah seventy times after Salam.

Reward: The last breath they take will be on full Imaan (Kamil Iman). 

After Namaz Dua

Rabbana Aatina Fid Duniya Hasanataw Wafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina Azaaban Naar. 

Important Points of Shab e Qadar

The information that follows helps us understand what Shab-e-Qadr is.

  • We don’t know the specific day of Shab-e-Qadr. Nonetheless, it is thought to occur on one of the odd nights—that is, the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th, or 29th night—during the final 10 days of Ramadan.
  • Muslims believe that this night is when angels come to Earth and bring blessings and kindness from heaven.
  • Additionally, the night is connected to hopes and prayers being granted. Muslims think that on this night, their prayers have a greater chance of being answered if they genuinely ask Allah for enlightenment and repentance.
  • Some Muslims stay up all night praying and worshiping, while others could do a unique community prayer called Taraweeh, offered exclusively during Ramadan.
  • Muslims might use this night to reflect on their deeds and ask for forgiveness for their mistakes. It is said that today is a perfect night to ask for forgiveness.
  • Muslims also frequently perform charitable activities and good deeds throughout Ramadan, especially in the final ten days, which include Shab-e-Qadr. This is seen to be a means of multiplying blessings and self-purification.

Shab-e-Qadr is observed with great esteem and attention by Muslims, who view it as a special and prosperous night. The truth of Shab-e-Qadr is strongly Embedded in Islamic religion and customs. 

Important Duas and Hadith on Shab e Qadar 

According to scholars, the following is a popular dua made during the final 10 nights of Ramadan in the hopes that it comes on Laylatul Qadar:

Allahumma innaka tuhibbul afwa fa`fu annee Afuwwun (Karimun)”

Translation: “Oh Allah, You are Forgiving, You are Generous, Please Forgive Me.”- Bukhari, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).  

Another beneficial dua to recite on this night:

“Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil ‘akhirati hasanatan waqina ‘azaaban-nar”.

Translation: Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the future, and keep us safe from the punishment of Hellfire.

The following dua is also recommended to read:

Allahumma aslih Ummata Muhammad. Allahumma farrij ‘an Ummati Muhammad. Allahumma Rham Ummata Muhammad [sallAllahu alayhi wasalam]

Translation: O Allah! Improve (help) the state of the Ummah of Muhammad. O Allah! Grant ease to the Ummah of Muhammad. O Allah! Have mercy on the Ummah of Muhammad.

The famous Hadith about the Shab e Qadar is:

According to Ibn Abbas, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) declared,

It is a calm night, neither hot nor cold, and the sun rises on it red and feeble” in reference to the Night of Decree. [Ibn Khuzaymah 20] 

Shab e Qadar in Quran

It is narrated in the Quran about Shab e Qadar:

The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter. Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.” [Qur’an: 97:3-5]

The revealing of the Qur’an occurred during the month of Ramadan, as stated in Surah al-Qadr (97) and the Qur’an (Al-Baqarah 2:185). Therefore, it is clear that the Qur’anic revelation occurred during Ramadan.

The great night of Laylatul Qadar is said to be superior to a thousand months in the Quran, which indicates that worshiping Allah on this night will be rewarded with blessings forever. You must keep reciting duas and dedicate yourself to prayer to gain God’s favor.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Shab-e-Qadr, in accordance with Islamic beliefs and practices, is one of the most important evenings of the holy month of Ramadan. Muslims are urged to concentrate on prayer, charitable giving, and good deeds during this period. It is thought to receive spiritual graces and blessings. Although the precise date of Shab-e-Qadr is uncertain, it is thought to fall on an odd night in the last 10 days of Ramadan. 

Muslims pay particular regard to and honour this night by making duas and nawafil in order to ask Allah for mercy and rewards. Muslims seek Allah’s forgiveness and blessings via prayer and worship; the benefits of this night are believed to exceed the benefits of a thousand months of prayer.

FAQs

1. What is Shab-e-Qadr?

During the holy month of Ramadan, Shab-e-Qadr is recognized by Muslims as one of the most important nights.

2. When is Shab-e-Qadr?

One of the odd nights during the final ten days of Ramadan is when Shab-e-Qadr falls.

3. What happens on Shab-e-Qadr?

Muslims are convinced that this night occurs when angels from heaven visit Earth to deliver peace and blessings.

4. How is Shab-e-Qadr observed by Muslims?

Muslims worship, give donations, and perform good deeds on Shab-e-Qadr, a day marked with great respect and focus.

5. What hadiths and duas on Shab-e-Qadr are particularly significant?

On Shab-e-Qadr, Muslims perform a number of duas. One well-known Hadith concerning the night is that “It is a calm night, neither hot nor cold, and the sun rises on it red and feeble,” referring to the Night of Decree.

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